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Đổi mới tư duy, thúc đẩy phát triển nông nghiệp và nông thôn bền vững vùng ĐBSCL

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Harvesting rice in An Giang. Photo: Trong Dat/VNA

The Mekong Delta holds a very important position in politics, economy, society, security and defense and in trade with ASEAN countries and the Mekong Sub-region; is the largest granary and center of aquatic product and fruit production in the country; contributing 31.37% to the GDP of the whole agricultural sector with more than 50% of rice output, 65% of aquaculture output, 70% of fruit, 95% of exported rice and 60% of exported aquatic products; plays an important role in ensuring national food security and export.

However, the development of the Mekong Delta has not been commensurate with the potential, advantages and investment of the state, the infrastructure has not met the development requirements, high-quality human resources have not been properly invested, and the material life The quality and spirit of the people are still limited compared to some regions. The Mekong Delta is facing many challenges from the impact of climate change, exploitation and use of water upstream; infrastructure is still inadequate in response to large-scale production requirements, lack of logistics infrastructure for agriculture; Unpredictable market fluctuations with the trend of green consumption require higher and higher safety standards.

The next goal is to develop the Mekong Delta quickly and sustainably; proactively adapt to climate change; create breakthroughs to improve the material and spiritual life of the people; maintaining national security, political stability and social order. To focus on developing agriculture and rural areas in the direction of “ecological agriculture, modern countryside, civilized farmers”; define “agriculture as the driving force, farmers as the center, rural areas as the foundation”, “converting agricultural production to agricultural economic development”, on the basis of developing a rural infrastructure system. Modern, smart, development of large-scale, high-quality commodity agriculture, combined with trade, logistics services, eco-tourism, processing industry, enhancing value and competitiveness ; closely linking agriculture with industry and services, and between rural and urban areas.

The Prime Minister requested ministers, heads of ministerial-level agencies, heads of government agencies, chairmen of People’s Committees of provinces and centrally-run cities in the Mekong Delta region need to renew their thinking and approach. development approach in the direction of “breakthrough thinking, strategic vision, proactive adaptation, flexible transformation, enhanced value, public-private resources, quality life”, synchronous implementation of tasks , the solution has been stated in the Resolutions of the Party, the National Assembly, the direction of the Government and the Prime Minister, focusing on the following tasks:

Research and propose mechanisms and policies to realize the goals and orientations for agricultural and rural development in the Mekong Delta according to Resolution No. 13-NQ/TW dated April 2, 2022 of the Politburo on development directions. socio-economic development, ensuring national defense and security in the Mekong Delta until 2030, with a vision to 2045. Focusing on directing and implementing the Mekong Delta Master Plan for the period of 2021 – 2030, with a vision to 2050; Strategy for sustainable agricultural and rural development for the period of 2021 – 2030, with a vision to 2050; National strategy for natural disaster prevention and control up to 2030, with a vision to 2050; The agricultural restructuring plan for the period of 2021 – 2025; National target program on building new rural areas for the period of 2021 – 2025; Master program on agricultural development in the Mekong Delta to adapt to climate change and related strategies, programs, schemes, master plans and plans for agricultural and rural development in the Mekong Delta region.

Developing a project on sustainable production of 1 million hectares specializing in high-quality rice cultivation in the Mekong Delta

The Prime Minister requested the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development to assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with the People’s Committee of Can Tho city and relevant agencies in, urgently submitting to the Prime Minister for detailed regulations on the establishment and organization The organization and operation of the Center for Linking, Production, Processing and Consumption of Agricultural Products in the Mekong Delta in Can Tho City to implement Resolution No. 45/2022/QH15 dated January 11, 2022 of the National Assembly. Organize activities to coordinate agricultural and rural development in the Mekong Delta.

In addition, building a project on sustainable production of 1 million hectares specializing in high-quality rice cultivation in the Mekong Delta in order to improve the value and income of people, ensure food security, and serve processing and export.

Research and propose adjustment of support mechanisms and policies for farmers, localities and rice production and trading enterprises, adequate support for localities and farmer households to stabilize paddy land, ensure the harmonization of interests between the local industrial development and the local specializing in rice cultivation.

Directing and implementing the program “One commune, one product” in association with agricultural and rural tourism development, conservation and promotion of traditional culture; Project on joint production of high-quality 3-level pangasius seed in the Mekong Delta; Program to build brands, promote production and consumption of agricultural, forestry and fishery products along the value chain, associated with building concentrated production areas, geographical indications, traceability, ensuring reasonable benefits for customers. value chain participants.

Balancing and allocating funds for the implementation of agricultural and rural development programs

The directive clearly states that the Ministry of Finance shall assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with concerned ministries and branches in, balancing and allocating regular funds for the implementation of programs and projects related to agricultural and rural development in the Mekong Delta region. approved in accordance with the balancing capacity of the central budget and in accordance with the provisions of the Law on State Budget. Promote the implementation of insurance support policies to develop and expand the agricultural insurance system.

The Ministry of Industry and Trade shall assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and localities in, building strategic commodity sectors, associated with the development orientation of raw material areas; developing energy for agricultural production; strengthen the system of circulation, distribution and trade services of agricultural products to create favorable conditions for consumers to access agricultural products.

Promote trade promotion of agricultural products to potential markets, especially key agricultural products, strengths of the Mekong Delta and key export markets of Vietnam.

The Ministry of Planning and Investment shall assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development on, based on the balancing capacity of the state budget, consider allocating development investment capital according to the central plan. term and annually to implement programs and projects in the Mekong Delta region approved by competent authorities in accordance with the provisions of the Law on State Budget and the Law on Public Investment.

Create high added value and many local job opportunities

The Prime Minister requested the Ministry of Science and Technology to actively coordinate with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development to effectively implement scientific and technological tasks for agricultural and rural development; supporting enterprises, farmers and cooperatives to research, apply, and transfer science and technology into the production and processing of key agricultural products.

Completing mechanisms and policies to encourage investment in hi-tech agricultural zones and regions, creating conditions to promote the development of agricultural production and business, creating high added value and many job opportunities in Vietnam. place for people in the Mekong Delta; implementing the Science and Technology Program for socio-economic development, climate change response and sustainable development in the Mekong Delta.

The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment shall assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with concerned ministries, branches and agencies in, proposing amendments to land policies and laws in the direction of developing the market for land use rights in agriculture; create favorable conditions for the concentration and accumulation of agricultural land for competitive and efficient large-scale commodity agricultural production, especially high-tech applied agriculture and organic agriculture; creating conditions for mobilizing non-budget resources to overcome coastal erosion. Expansion of agricultural land transfer quotas of households and individuals; establish favorable mechanisms for farmer households, cooperatives, cooperative groups and enterprises to access land to form concentrated agricultural production and processing zones.

The Ministry of Construction shall assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and localities in the region in, reviewing the planning of the urban and rural system, and redeploying the population, especially in high-risk areas. landslides in the Mekong Delta.

Deploying the construction of traffic infrastructure, logistics system

According to the Directive, the Ministry of Transport shall assume the prime responsibility for directing and deploying the construction of transport infrastructure and logistics systems in the Mekong Delta region, ensuring the connection between modes of transport, and improving the quality of transport and logistics. reduce logistics costs; coordinate with localities to mobilize resources to build a focal port area, the gateway of the Mekong Delta region, in which to study construction options for deep-water seaports that have been planned in the Mekong Delta region.

The Ministry of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs shall assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and the Vietnam Farmers’ Association in, formulating and organizing the effective implementation of mechanisms and policies to support vocational training. agriculture for rural workers in order to meet the demand for human resources in service of restructuring the agricultural sector and changing jobs for workers in the agricultural and rural areas; attract highly skilled workers to work in the Mekong Delta.

The Ministry of Education and Training effectively implements training programs to improve the quality of human resources in the Mekong Delta; encouraging higher education institutions in the region to attract young experts and intellectuals; focus on training high-quality human resources for industries suitable for agricultural and rural development in the Mekong Delta.

The Ministry of Information and Communications develops and perfects mechanisms and policies to promote the development of digital transformation, information technology, telecommunications, remote sensing, and application of biotechnology and digital technology in agricultural governance. , production, business, environmental treatment in agricultural production.

The State Bank of Vietnam studies and proposes to amend and supplement credit policies for agricultural and rural development to have strong enough policies, incentives, and credit support for cooperatives and small businesses. and medium-sized farmers, developing production and business in chains, developing circular, organic and ecological agriculture; increase loan size, reduce loan procedures. Direct credit institutions to balance capital sources to meet capital needs and facilitate access to bank credit capital for all economic sectors to invest in agriculture and rural areas; especially for agricultural investment projects with high technology application, organic agriculture, development of agricultural mechanization and agro-processing industry.

Prioritize the development of key and specialty products

The Prime Minister requested the People’s Committees of provinces and cities in the Mekong Delta region to coordinate with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and relevant agencies to study and propose specific mechanisms and policies to effectively implement them. results and orientations for agricultural and rural development in the Mekong Delta.

Focus on developing provincial planning, implementing the Mekong Delta region planning. Promulgate according to its competence or propose the People’s Council of the same level to promulgate mechanisms and policies to promote agricultural and rural development in the locality in accordance with the functions, tasks and resources of the locality. Formulate and implement key programs and projects for agricultural and rural development in accordance with local characteristics, potentials and strengths; give priority to the development of key products and specialty products of the locality, region and sub-region. Actively allocate capital from the local budget to implement policies, programs, projects and projects on agricultural and rural development in the locality.

Investing in the development of industrial clusters, trades and services serving agriculture and rural areas; build a number of areas specializing in rice, fruit and fishery cultivation (standardized production, investment in synchronous and digitized infrastructure…).

Organize activities to promote, call for investment, attract domestic and foreign investors, economic sectors to invest in agriculture and rural areas; participate in research, transfer, model building, development of concentrated raw material areas, linkage chains, digital transformation related to agricultural and rural development. Actively approach, actively integrate into the international economy, develop domestic and foreign agricultural product consumption markets.



Nguồn: https://baotintuc.vn/kinh-te/doi-moi-tu-duy-thuc-day-phat-trien-nong-nghiep-va-nong-thon-ben-vung-vung-dbscl-20220618120009645.htm

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