– PV: Sir, The Draft Strategy for Cultural Development to 2030 was drafted by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism and submitted to the Prime Minister with a view focusing on 5 basic points, how do you evaluate these 5 points of view? this?
+ Assoc. Prof. Dr. Do Van Tru: First of all, I noticed that the Draft Cultural Development Strategy to 2030 is carefully and seriously invested. I basically agree with the 5 points of view outlined in the Draft for sticking to and thoroughly grasping the basic guiding views of our Party on building and developing an advanced Vietnamese culture imbued with national identity. in the period of doi moi and international integration; and at the same time supplement and concretize some views to suit the new situation and tasks. Detail:
5 points of view have shown the following issues: Role and position of culture (Point of View 1); The nature of culture (Point 2); Objectives of building and developing culture (Point of view 3); Motto, principles, and methods of building and developing culture (Point of View 4); The force that builds and develops culture (Point of View 5).
There are two important contents, presented in the Party’s documents on culture, which are now taken up as guiding viewpoints, namely the issue of human development and the issue of building a cultural environment: “Building a culture for the perfection of human personality and building people for the development of culture. In cultural construction, the focus is on building people with personality, a good lifestyle, with special characteristics. fundamentality; patriotism, kindness, affection, honesty, solidarity, industriousness, creativity” (Point of view 2) and “Building a synchronous cultural environment, focusing on the role of family and community. Harmonious development between economy and culture; It is necessary to pay full attention to cultural and human factors in development. economy” (Point of view 4).
In each point of view, new content is added.
Example: In view 1 about the role and position of culture, previously only “Culture is the spiritual foundation of society, the goal and driving force of economic development”, now add the “regulatory system for sustainable development of the country” and “Culture must be put on an equal footing with economy, politics, society”. Previously only “Building an advanced Vietnamese culture imbued with national identity”, now concretize more specific issues of Vietnamese culture “nation, humanity, democracy and science”. Adding the point of view of building Vietnamese people with basic characteristics: patriotism, benevolence, love, honesty, solidarity, industriousness and creativity…
– Reporter: To realize development goals, the Draft Cultural Development Strategy to 2030 has set out 10 cultural development targets, of which 2 focus on the field of cultural heritage, that is: “There are at least 05 tangible cultural heritages and intangible cultural heritages registered by UNESCO”; “95% – 100% special national monument and 65–70% of national relics are restored and embellished; 65-70% of the heritage in the List of National Intangible Cultural Heritage has been developed with a plan to protect and promote its values.” What is your opinion on these goals?
+ Assoc. Prof. Dr. Do Van Tru: The setting of targets in the Cultural Strategy to 2030, including those in the field of cultural heritage, is very important and necessary for us to strive towards. However, when setting targets, in my opinion it is necessary to base on many aspects: On the current socio-economic situation of the country in general; Forecast of the country’s socio-economic situation from now to 2030; Current status and investment resources for the country’s culture over the years; Identified areas should be prioritized; What is the theoretical and practical basis for setting the above target?
From now to 2030, that is, by the end of the 15th Party Congress, with only 9 years remaining, the country is facing many difficulties and challenges, especially the heavy consequences caused by the Covid-19 pandemic. However, we do not know when it will end and we cannot predict the next developments. The preservation and promotion of cultural heritage values cannot be excluded from the general development of the country.
Therefore, the criteria on cultural heritage that the Draft mentioned above, I do not have enough basis to say that the indicators are more or less, right or wrong, adequate and reasonable or not. I can only make a few comments:
Currently, the whole country has 8 World Cultural and Natural Heritages and 13 World Intangible Heritages. If from now to 2030, it is very good to be added by UNESCO, but this is not entirely up to our will. Therefore, in my opinion, first of all, it is necessary to come up with a solution to promote and prioritize investment for the world heritages that have been registered by UNESCO, because in fact, there are registered heritages, there is a The course of action has not been promoted well, or there is no action plan and solutions to preserve and promote values.
I agree with the target proposed by the Draft “65-70% of the heritage in the List of National Intangible Cultural Heritage has been developed a scheme to protect and promote its value”. This is very necessary, if done, it is very good and does not cost too much.
So far, the country has 119 special national monuments and more than 3,560 national monuments. This is not a small number. In my opinion, it is necessary to determine what practical basis and resources to set the target “95% –100% special national monument and 65%–70% of national relics are restored and embellished”. This issue needs further consideration in the Draft. I would like to further suggest: Firstly, all special national monuments must be planned. Second, priority should be given to national monuments, especially in a state of serious deterioration, relics in remote and remote areas, etc. to avoid spreading investment. Another important issue, when setting this target, it is necessary to have a roadmap for implementation in each specific stage and conditions to ensure the implementation of that target.
Besides, the country now has more than 200 artifacts and groups of artifacts recognized as national treasures, so in my opinion, in the cultural development strategy should also set the target “100% of the conservation national objects are protected and promoted.
– PV: In order to effectively implement the set goals, the Draft Strategy has proposed a system of 12 tasks and solutions in general, in the field of cultural heritage, the task and solution is set out as “Improving institutional , policies and legal frameworks to address shortcomings and problems in the field of culture and art, focusing on amending and supplementing Laws such as: Cultural Heritage, Intellectual Property… and the system system of sub-law documents”, at the same time “Protecting and promoting national cultural heritage”… If you are knowledgeable in the field of cultural heritage, would you please give your opinion on these solutions?
+ Assoc. Prof. Dr. Do Van Tru: I very much agree with the proposed solution “Complete institutions, policies, and frameworks for solutions to address inadequacies and existing problems in the field of culture and art, with a focus on amending and supplementing laws such as the Law on Cultural Heritage, Property Ownership, etc. intellectual and written system under the Law”.
The reality, requirements, tasks of nation-building and the world situation require the law to be regularly supplemented and amended, which is inevitable. The introduction of the Law on Cultural Heritage is a great step forward in the cause of protecting and promoting the value of our country’s cultural heritage in the context of the country’s renewal and international integration and in practice the Law on Cultural Heritage. Culture has made an important contribution to the cause of protecting and promoting the value of the country’s cultural heritage.
However, the Law on Cultural Heritage promulgated in 2001 and the Law amending and supplementing a number of articles of the Law on Cultural Heritage promulgated in 2009. In practice, many problems arise that require amendments. , supplementing the Law on Cultural Heritage, because it has been a long time. Regarding the need to amend and supplement the Law on Cultural Heritage, many conferences and seminars have been discussed. And recently, the Department of Cultural Heritage has also carried out a ministerial-level topic on this issue, in which besides the general issues, it also proposed to amend and supplement many things to suit the new situation.
Therefore, I strongly support and think that it is the leading solution to promote the cause of preserving and promoting the value of our cultural heritage better and better.
– PV: If you could express your personal views and desires to contribute to the development of Vietnamese culture as well as affirm the role and position of Vietnam’s cultural heritage, what would you share?
+ Assoc. Prof. Dr. Do Van Tru: From a personal perspective, in the field of culture and cultural heritage, I have many wishes, especially the desire to make culture and cultural heritage really the core of the national identity. an important resource in the development of the country. Here, I focus only on the following issues:
Let culture really be “background The spiritual foundation of society, the goal and driving force of economic development, the regulatory system for the country’s sustainable development. and Culture is truly equal to economy, politics and society, not only the task of the cultural sector, but the whole political system, from the central to the local. The State needs to have specific mechanisms and policies for cultural development; increase investment sources and budget for culture, and at the same time promote socialization in the field of culture with clear mechanisms and policies to attract organizations and individuals to invest in culture and attach great importance to culture. training high-quality human resources: training antiquities experts, training staff to meet the requirements of digitizing heritage and especially training managers.
For example, our country’s antiquities inspection team is still very lacking, failing to meet the increasing requirements of society. Meanwhile, experienced and specialized professionals are all aged. If there is no training plan, it will be very difficult, even disappointing, for the examination of antiquities in the future.
In cadre training, special attention should be paid to training cultural management leaders from the central to grassroots levels. There should be criteria for cultural managers, which must be people with cultural knowledge. To do their best to avoid promotion, appointment, and arrangement of managers who are in the wrong profession, lack knowledge and understanding of culture as has happened in some localities in the past time.
The cultural development strategy to 2030 also sets targets “100% of the provinces and centrally-run cities have provincial-level museums”. This policy has existed for a long time and is really necessary. However, museum activities in general and local museums in particular have not been paid much attention and investment; Many collections of artifacts of historical, cultural and scientific value have not been exploited and promoted to reach the masses.
Therefore, the Cultural Development Strategy to 2030 should provide more specific tasks and solutions to promote the value of museums in the provinces, and assign responsibilities to relevant units for implementation. Possible solutions: Innovation of content and form of display; diversifying activities, paying attention to thematic exhibitions, promoting interaction with the public; application of information technology in museum activities; Digitizing stories associated with artifacts thanks to the support of technology as well as investment in auxiliary services, building unique and unique images and symbols…
In order for localities and museums to implement the above solutions, the Strategy for Cultural Development to 2030 also needs to take into account the practical bases of budget allocation for localities accordingly.
Thank you very much for sharing your thoughts!